New 20 minute test diagnoses hidden heart conditions
Pictured second from left is Dr Tom Ford, who delivered the findings this week in San Diego. Also pictured are Clincal Fellows Novalia Sidik (left), Damien Collison and Annette Maznyczka (right)
New tests can diagnose ‘hidden’ heart diseases caused by problems with the small blood vessels supplying the heart, according to research carried out at the Golden Jubilee National Hospital.
Funded by the British Heart Foundation (BHF) and presented at the Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT) conference in San Diego, the new tests are not yet standard in the NHS because, before now, there has not been enough evidence gathered about whether they would benefit patients.
Researchers from the University of Glasgow and Golden Jubilee National Hospital performed the new ‘small vessel’ test which involves passing a thin, flexible wire into the heart and measuring how well a blood vessel relaxes. The study involved 151 patients with chest pain who could not be diagnosed using currently available tests.
The small vessel test results for half of the patients were made available to doctors to further guide the diagnosis and treatment, whereas, in the other half of the patients, the results were not disclosed. These patients followed standard care.
The team found that the new tests were able to correctly diagnose four times as many patients as standard tests.
Even more importantly, six months later, symptoms of angina were less and quality of life was better in the patients whose care was guided by the small vessel tests compared to patients whose standard care was guided by the angiogram.
Chest pain originating from the heart is often a symptom of a condition called angina. Angina is triggered when the heart does not receive enough oxygen rich blood, often due to narrowed coronary arteries, the arteries which supply the heart itself. It often happens during exercise, cold weather and emotional stress and points to an underlying problem in the heart.
Doctors commonly recommend an angiogram, an invasive procedure which looks for narrowing of the heart’s main arteries. However, in around one half of patients with angina, this angiogram reveals no significant problems. Despite this, patients can experience severe chest pain and have a significantly higher risk of having a heart attack in the future.
In many people with angina, the pain may be caused by problems with the tiniest blood vessels in the heart - the micro vessels - which are too small to see with traditional tests. The conditions are called microvascular angina and vasospastic angina, which are commonly misdiagnosed. Because diagnosis is so difficult, patients are often left without firm answers about the cause of their chest pain.
Professor Colin Berry, Director of Research at the Golden Jubilee Foundation and Chair in Cardiology and Imaging at the University of Glasgow, said: “Microvascular angina and vasospastic angina are under-recognised problems. As the angiogram in these patients looks ‘clear,’ they may be falsely reassured. Our study’s results indicate this to be the case.
“However, leaving microvascular angina and vasospastic angina undiagnosed and untreated presents a risk to patient wellbeing- these problems can be a precursor to a hospitalisation for chest pain and a heart attack – and symptoms persist in the longer term.
“We now hope to see this test rolled out across the country.”
Mike Higgins, Medical Director at the Golden Jubilee added: “Once again our team at the Golden Jubilee are leading the way in cardiovascular research.
“Heart disease in Scotland still remains one of the leading causes of death and our team are committed to improve the lives of, not just the people of Scotland, but also worldwide.
“This exceptional research study will make a huge difference to how we diagnose and care for patients with chest pains, allowing better outcomes for our patients.”
Dr Ford (pictured above) is an Honorary Clinical Fellow at the Golden Jubilee National Hospital. See his presentation on the findings at the following link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wPUeWnt75cY
Published: Wednesday, September 26th, 2018
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